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`srfi-69`

- 基本的なハッシュテーブル- Module:
**srfi-69** -
This module is a thin adaptor on Gauche’s built-in hashtables (see ハッシュテーブル). This is provided for the compatibility to the portable libraries; the hashtable object created by this module’s

`make-hash-table`

is the same as the one created by Gauche’s built-in, and you can pass the table to both APIs.

Here’s a summary of difference between srfi-69 and Gauche’s built-in hash table API:

- The constructor
`make-hash-table`

, as well as`alist->hash-table`

, takes equality predicate and hash function, instead of a single comparator argument. - The hash function passed to
`srfi-69`

’s`make-hash-table`

takes two arguments, an object to calculate a hash value, and a positive integer that limits the range of the hash value. -
`Srfi-69`

’s primary hash table accessor is`hash-table-ref`

, which takes a thunk to be called when the table doesn’t have an entry for the given key, while Gauche’s`hash-table-get`

takes a fallback value for that.`Srfi-69`

also has`hash-table-ref/default`

, which takes a fallback value like Gauche’s`hash-table-get`

, but the default value can’t be omitted. - The basic iterator of
`srfi-69`

is called`hash-table-walk`

, which is Gauche’s`hash-table-for-each`

. The srfi name is chosen to avoid conflict with existing Scheme implementations.

The following procedures are the same as Gauche’s built-in ones. See ハッシュテーブル, for the details.

hash-table? hash-table-delete! hash-table-exists? hash-table-keys hash-table-values hash-table-fold hash-table->alist hash-table-copy

- Function:
**make-hash-table***:optional eq-pred hash-proc :rest args* [SRFI-69] Creates a new hashtable and returns it. This is the same name as Gauche’s built-in procedure, but the arguments are different.

The

`eq-pred`argument is an equality predicate; it takes two arguments and returns`#t`

if two are the same, and`#f`

if not. When omitted,`equal?`

is used.The

`hash-proc`argument is a hash function. It takes two arguments: an object to hash, and a positive integer to limit the range of the hash value. (Note that Gauche’s native hash functions takes only one argument.) When omitted, Gauche tries to choose appropriate hash function if`eq-pred`

is known one (`eq?`

,`eqv?`

,`equal?`

,`string=?`

or`string-ci=?`

). Otherwise we use Gauche’s`hash`

procedure, but there’s no guarantee that it works appropriately; you should give suitable`hash-proc`if you pass custom`eq-pred`.The returned hash table is an instance of Gauche’s native hash table. You can pass it to Gauche’s builtin procedures.

`Srfi-69`

allows implementation-specific arguments`args`to be passed to`make-hash-table`

. At this moment, Gauche ignores them.

- Function:
**alist->hash-table***alist :optional eq-pred hash-fn :rest args* [SRFI-69] Like Gauche’s builtin

`alist->hash-table`

, but takes`eq-pred`and`hash-fn`separately, instead of a single comparator.The

`alist`argument is a list of pairs. The car of each pair is used for a key, and the cdr for its value.See

`make-hash-table`

above for the description of`eq-pred`,`hash-fn`and`args`.

- Function:
**hash-table-equivalence-function***ht* - Function:
**hash-table-hash-function***ht* [SRFI-69] Returns equivalence function and hash function of the hashtable

`ht`.The hash function returned from

`hash-table-hash-function`

takes two arguments, an object to hash and bound, a positive exact integer. Note that the function returned by`hash-table-hash-function`

may not be`eq?`

to the one you gave to`make-hash-table`

.

- Function:
**hash-table-ref***ht key :optional thunk* [SRFI-69] Looks up the value corresponding to

`key`in a hash table`ht`. If there’s no entry for`key`,`thunk`is called without arguments. The default of`thunk`is to signal an error.

- Function:
**hash-table-ref/default***ht key default* [SRFI-69] Looks up the value corresponding to

`key`in a hash table`ht`. This is like Gauche’s`hash-table-get`

, but`default`can’t be omitted.

- Function:
**hash-table-set!***ht key val* [SRFI-69] This is the same as Gauche’s

`hash-table-put!`

.

- Function:
**hash-table-update!***ht key proc :optional thunk* - Function:
**hash-table-update!/default***ht key proc default* [SRFI-69]

- Function:
**hash-table-size***ht* [SRFI-69] Returns the number of entries in a hash table

`ht`. The same as Gauche’s`hash-table-num-entries`

.

- Function:
**hash-table-walk***ht proc* [SRFI-69] For each entry in a hash table

`ht`, calls`proc`with two arguments, a key and its value. It’s the same as Gauche’s`hash-table-for-each`

.

- Function:
**hash-table-merge!***ht1 ht2* [SRFI-69] Add all entries in a hash table

`ht2`into a hash table`ht1`, and returns`ht1`.

- Function:
**hash***obj :optional bound* [SRFI-69] Like Gauche’s

`hash`

, except this one can take bound argument; if provided, it must be a positive integer, and the return value is limited between 0 and`(- bound 1)`

, inclusive.

- Function:
**string-hash***obj :optional bound* - Function:
**string-ci-hash***obj :optional bound* [SRFI-69] These are like

`srfi-13`

’s (see 文字列ライブラリ), except these don’t take`start`and`end`argument.

- Function:
**hash-by-identity***obj :optional bound* [SRFI-69] This is Gauche’s

`eq-hash`

, except this one can take bound argument.

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