For Gauche 0.9.5


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12.72 www.css - CSSのパーズと構築

Module: www.css

This module provides tools to convert between S-expression and CSS.

The S-expression CSS (SxCSS) is a convenient way to manipulate CSS in Scheme.

For example, the following CSS and SxCSS are equivalent, and can be converted back and forth:

CSS:

body { padding-left: 11em;
       font-family: Georgia, "Times New Roman", Times, serif;
       color: purple;
       background-color: #d8da3d }
ul.navbar li { background: white;
               margin: 0.5em 0;
               padding: 0.3em;
               border-right: 1em solid black }
ul#spec > a { text-decoration: none }
a:visited { color: purple !important }

SxCSS:

((style-rule body
   (padding-left (11 em))
   (font-family (:or Georgia "Times New Roman" Times serif))
   (color purple)
   (background-color (color "d8da3d")))
 (style-rule ((ul (class navbar)) li)
   (background white)
   (margin #((0.5 em) 0))
   (padding (0.3 em))
   (border-right #((1 em) solid black)))
 (style-rule ((ul (id spec)) > a) (text-decoration none))
 (style-rule (a (: visited)) (color purple !important)))

See the “CSS in S-expression” section below for the complete specification.

Constructing CSS

Function: construct-css sxcss :optional oport

Take SxCSS and writes out CSS to the given port, defaulted to the current output port.

Parsing CSS

Function: parse-css :optional iport

Read CSS from the given port, defaulted to the current input port, and returns SxCSS.

When it encounters unparsable CSS (either a malformed CSS, or unsupported syntax), it emits a warning message, ignore the unparsable part and tries to continue reading the rest.

NB: Currently we don’t handle @charset directive; we assume the text is already in the port’s encoding. We may support it in future versions.

Function: parse-css-file file :key encoding

Read the CSS text from the given file and parse it using parse-css. Again, we don’t handle @charset directive yet, and you have to pass encoding argument if the CSS text isn’t in the Gauche’s native character encoding.

Function: parse-css-selector-string str

This parses the selector part of the CSS.

(parse-css-selector-string "ul li.item span#foo")
  ⇒ (ul (li (class item)) (span (id foo)))

(parse-css-selector-string "h1,h2")
  ⇒ (:or h1 h2)

CSS in S-expression

The following is the complete rules of SxCSS syntax.

<sxcss>      : ({<style-rule> | <at-rule>} ...)

<style-rule> : (style-rule <pattern> <declaration> ...)
             | (style-decls <declaration> ...)

<pattern>   : <selector> | (:or <selector> ...)
<seletor>   : <simple-selector>
            | <chained-selector>
<chained-selector> : (<simple-selector> . (<op>? . <chained-selector>))
<op>        : > | + | ~
<simple-selector> : <element-name>
            | (<element-name> <option> ...)
<option>    : (id <name>)                           ; E#id
            | (class <ident>)                       ; E.class
            | (has <ident>)                         ; E[attrib]
            | (= <ident> <attrib-value>)            ; E[attrib=val]
            | (~= <ident> <attrib-value>)           ; E[attrib~=val]
            | (:= <ident> <attrib-value>)           ; E[attrib|=val]
            | (*= <ident> <attrib-value>)           ; E[attrib*=val]
            | (^= <ident> <attrib-value>)           ; E[attrib^=val]
            | ($= <ident> <attrib-value>)           ; E[attrib$=val]
            | (:not <negation-arg>)                 ; E:not(s)
            | (: <ident>)                           ; E:pseudo-class
            | (: (<fn> <ident> ...))                ; E:pseudl-class(arg)
            | (:: <ident>)                          ; E::pseudo-element
<element-name> : <ident> | *
<attrib-value> : <ident> | <string>
<negation-arg> | <element-name> | * | <option>  ; except <negation-arg>

<declaration>  : (<ident> <expr> <expr2> ... <important>?)
<important> : !important
<expr>      : <term>
            | (/ <term> <term> ...)
            | (:or <term> <term> ...)
            | #(<term> <term> ...)             ; juxtaposition
<term>      : <quantity> | (- <quantity>) | (+ <quantity>)
            | <string> | <ident> | <url> | <hexcolor> | <function>
<quantity>  : <number>
            | (<number> %)
            | (<number> <ident>)
<url>       | (url <string>)
<hexcolor>  | (color <string>)  ; <string> must be hexdigits
<function>  | (<fn> <arg> ...)
<arg>       | <term> | #(<term> ...) | (/ <term> <term> ...)

<at-rule>    : <at-media-rule> | <at-import-rule>
                   ; NB: Other at-rules are not supported yet
<at-media-rule>  : (@media (<symbol> ...) <style-rule> ...)
<at-import-rule> : (@import <string> (<symbol> ...))

NB: Negation op is :not instead of not, since (not <negation-arg>) would be ambiguous from the simple node named "not" with one option.

NB: style-decls selector rule is currently won’t appear in the parse-css output; it can be used in SxCSS to make construct-css render declarations only, which can be used in the style attribute of the document, for example.


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